Criminal Intelligence Act has been adopted on Tuesday. The law is supposed to succeed the existing Operational Practises Act on 1 January. 64 out of 144 MPs voted for the adoption, 4 voted against and 12 MPs abstained from voting, delfi.lt reports.
The notes of the document explain that the Operational Practices Act cannot sufficiently ensure the protection of human rights and freedoms, operational control of entities. The basics of operational practice are also not covered properly and the act itself does not respond to the contemporary issues.
The adopted Criminal Intelligence Act provides the legal basis for criminal intelligence and its process, coordination and control over it as well as the use and funding of criminal intelligence. The act also names the rights and obligations of the subjects of criminal intelligence as well as concepts, methods and tools. The Criminal Intelligence Act separates criminal intelligence from intelligence and counterintelligence.
The security and safety of human rights and freedoms with relation with the activities of criminal intelligence have been enforced by the adopted act. It emphasizes that restrictions of individual rights and freedoms must be based on laws and can be carried out temporarily to protect the rights and freedoms of other individuals.
If criminal intelligence was carried out towards a certain individual and the information gathered was not confirmed or a pretrial investigation was not started, the individual would be able to demand for the information gathered about him.
As it is mentioned in the legislative notes, the Criminal Intelligence Act will ensure a protection of human rights, establish a greater control over prosecutors and judicial process of criminal intelligence and will create conditions in which the fight against crime will be more effective.
Translated by Edvardas Pocius